As with residential and commercial architecture, beautiful landscape architecture is achieved through the successful application of specific design principles, features and details. The styles, in fact, are almost exactly akin. Just like designing a building, designing a garden or an entire property gives you an opportunity to exhibit a particular style that expresses your taste and personality.
Today, we’re taking a walk in multiple gardens as we look at the characteristics and principles that define different landscape architecture styles.
With traditions rooted in ancient history, classic garden style is defined by clean lines, simple geometry, balanced proportions and clear symmetry. Versailles is a famous example of this garden style, which is considered the landscape counterpart of classical architecture. Greek and Roman design influences can also be seen through the prominence of straight lines, right angles and circles in these more formal garden spaces.
Seaside landscapes are often defined by a more casual aesthetic that offers picturesque charm. Because of the wind, spray, sandy soil and other oceanside elements, layouts for these gardens are lower and looser as opposed to taller and denser. But with the right design — one that maintains a level of organization and sophistication — a cohesive and complete look can be achieved.
Strong lines and bold graphics are the defining characteristics of modern and contemporary style gardens. Hardscapes created with concrete, gravel and geometric shapes drive these designs, while minimalist approaches ensure each element has a significant impact on the look and feel of the landscape.
Taking direct inspiration and design cues from your existing surroundings — natural gardens reflect the beauty and unique qualities of its location. Whether it’s in a tropical locale or a desert region, a natural garden spotlights native plants, popular colors and features of the region. The landscape design approaches for these types of gardens are more contingent on freeform plantings and soft edges.
While these are some of the most popular architectural styles for landscapes, there are also English, Spanish, Tuscan, Mediterranean, Japanese and many other garden styles. Achieving any one of these styles requires a keen knowledge of both horticulture and gardening, as well as fundamental design principles.
No matter what the existing condition of your home, building or landscape, TMS Architects can help you achieve functional spaces and a beautiful environment that you’ll not only be proud to show off, but will also love living and working in every day. Contact us to learn more about how we can help with your next project.